Read more Early Blooming South African Amaryllis In addition to our Dutch-grown Amaryllis bulbs, we offer bulbs from South Africa. [19], This article is about a genus of southern African bulbs. The stately amaryllis is one of the signature statements of the holiday season. try those in the "17 Furry Caterpillar Types: An Identification Guide", also by GreenMind guides. ... A long way from South Africa. [6], As of October 2020[update], Amaryllis had only two accepted species, both native to the Cape Provinces of South Africa:[7]. Most amaryllis bulbs sold to the consumer are greater than eight inches (20 cm) in circumference and are either Dutch, South African, or Israeli-grown. Amaryllis is the only genus in the subtribe Amaryllidinae (tribe Amaryllideae). By contrast the generic name Amaryllis applies to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. For an effective, eye-catching outdoor ensemble, group them together in threes. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, one result of which is that the common name "amaryllis" is mainly used for cultivarsof the … Amaryllis are the Art and Soul of Winter. The amaryllis comes in many beautiful varieties including various shades of red, white, pink, salmon and orange. … Grown in the southern hemisphere, these Amaryllis are more eager to pop out of dormancy than those grown in the Netherlands in the northern hemisphere. For the South American and winter-flowering, Brenzel, K.N. have briefly summarized the debate, which took place from 1938 onwards and involved botanists on both sides of the Atlantic. The plant we commonly call “amaryllis” is a South American native in the genus Hippeastrum, while the true amaryllis or belladonna lilies (Amaryllis spp.) Please place your orders for October 2020 delivery. These bulbs are harvested a bit earlier and therefore offer a shorter period from planting to bloom- typically about five weeks if soil temperatures are kept consistently warm. If the latter, Amaryllis would be the correct name for the genus Hippeastrum, and a different name would have to be used for the genus discussed here. South Africa grows some of the best Amaryllis in the world. Amaryllis (/ˌæməˈrɪlɪs/[1]) is the only genus in the subtribe Amaryllidinae (tribe Amaryllideae). Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) grown in South Africa where their autumn is our spring, these hippeastrums, if planted in November, should be raring to go and be in bloom for Christmas! 606–607, Linné, Carl von. We apologize but there are no in stock items currently in this category. The trumpet-shaped blooms grow up to six inches across, and several flowers often appear in succession. The Amaryllis belladonna plant is a native of South Africa, where it grows in rocky locations. Alan W. Meerow et al. [16], Amaryllis belladonna has been crossed in cultivation with Crinum moorei to produce a hybrid called × Amarcrinum,[17] which has named cultivars. It is also visited by noctuid moths at night. Hardiness zones 6–8. Many species are useful in hybridizing, but only hybrids are generally available; these are often sold as giant amaryllis or Royal Dutch amaryllis (though many are grown in South Africa or elsewhere). Because we are constantly updating our website, the best way to know when we add items for sale is to Shop our collection online today. Amaryllis bulbs produce incredibly showy, trumpet-shaped blooms that add a flamboyant and bold statement to gardens and homes throughout South Africa. Hope to make my new purchase soon :))) Remigijus. Pure white varieties with bright green stems were bred as well. Hybrids said to be between Amaryllis belladonna and Brunsvigia josephinae have been called × Amarygia. White Flower Farm • 1-800-503-9624, Blackmore & Langdon Begonias & Delphiniums, Customer-Favorite Annual Container Designs, All Preplanned Gardens & Plant Collections, Discounted Gift Certificates Available Now, Add a $50 Gift Card to Your Bouquet or Gift Set for Just $25. are from South Africa. Plants of the genus Amaryllis are known as belladonna lily, Jersey lily, naked lady, amarillo, Easter lily in Southern Australia or, in South Africa, March lily due to its propensity to flower around March. The hybrids were crossed back onto the original Amaryllis belladonna and with each other to produce naturally seed-bearing crosses that come in a very wide range of flower sizes, shapes, stem heights and intensities of pink. Faded blooms may be snipped off at the pedicels (“small stems”) from the top of the (main) stem; leave the main stem uninjured for photosynthesis to continue. Amaryllis have been produced commercially for more than 100 years and are currently grown in Holland, South Africa, Israel, Brazil, Peru and Japan. Amaryllis originates from tropical regions in South Africa, so the bulbs thrive in moist … Amaryllis is a subtropical bulb that belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family and is native to South Africa. An amaryllis … Box 50, Route 63 ~ Litchfield, Connecticut 06759 ~ 1-800-503-9624 Amaryllis normally flower around Christmas time in South Africa. If you want your Amaryllis to bloom in time for the holidays, select from among our Christmas Flowering Amaryllis from South Africa. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, resulting in the common name amaryllis used for cultivars of this genus, while the generic name Amaryllis was applied to bulbs from South Africa, usually grown outdoors. It has several strap-shaped, hysteranthous, green leaves with midrib, 30–50 cm (12–20 in) long and 2–3 cm (0.79–1.18 in) broad, arranged in two rows. Growing Amaryllis Lilies. Give them full sun to part shadeand regular water, fertilizing themwith time-release granules. Strong winds shake loose the seeds, which fall to ground and immediately start to germinate, aided by the first winter rains.[2]. [14] It is also naturalized in Australia. Grown in the southern hemisphere, these Amaryllis are more eager to pop out of dormancy than those grown in the Netherlands in the northern hemisphere. Nothing says Christmas like the spectacular trumpet flowers of an amaryllis bulb. pp. All contents © 2020 White Flower Farm All rights reserved. Amaryllis belladonna photograph by … [2] Plants tend to be very localized in dense concentrations due to the seeds' large size and heavy weight. Find Amaryllis bulbs and gifts at White Flower Farm. These beautiful trumpet-shaped flowers provide color and elegance to the home and best of all, it is so much fun watching them grow. sign up for our emails. We invite you to browse our website, and to join our email list for special offers and useful gardening tips. Native to the tropics and subtropics. The plant has a symbiotic relationship with carpenter bees. To settle in South Africa and grow fine flower bulbs… the rest is history. Hortus Cliffortianus. Stamens are very shortly connate basally, declinate, unequal. Amaryllis belladonna performs best in climates with warm, dry summers. Both, however, are in the amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). No one knows the exact species it was crossed with to produce color variations of white, cream, peach, magenta and nearly red hues. The hybrids are able to adapt to year-round watering and fertilization but can also tolerate completely dry summer conditions if need be. The amaryllis originated in South America's tropical regions and has the botanical name Hippeastrum. It is grown as a potted plant in most parts of the United States but can also be grown outdoors year round in Florida. Seeds are compressed-globose, white to pink. Amaryllidinae are placed within Amaryllideae as follow: These are phylogenetically related as follows: The name Amaryllis is taken from a shepherdess in Virgil's pastoral Eclogues, (from the Greek ἀμαρύσσω (amarysso), meaning "to sparkle") and also from "Amarella" for the bitterness of the bulb. p. 135, "Amaryllis belladonna (March lily, Belladonna)", "Behind the Name: Meaning, Origin and History of the Name Amaryllis", "Amaryllis Belladonna Planting – How To Grow Amaryllis Bulbs", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaryllis&oldid=994760532, Articles containing potentially dated statements from October 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 11:38. In 1753 Carl Linnaeus created the name Amaryllis belladonna, the type species of the genus Amaryllis. The family Amaryllidaceae forms a large group of over sixty genera, which are mainly centred in the southern Africa with smaller distributions in Andean South America. Amaryllis is a beautiful and flowering perennial native to South Africa. You can care for amaryllis flowers in garden beds or in household pots, planting in spring or fall. Each bulb produces one or two leafless, stout, persistent and erect stems 30–60 cm tall, each of which bears at the top a cluster of two to twelve zygomorphic, funnel-shaped flowers without a tube. Now he oversees amaryllis production for one of the world's largest amaryllis growers, based in South Africa. A location with a … It is also commonly called the Jersey Lily or Naked-Lady lily. [2] For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, one result of which is that the common name "amaryllis" is mainly used for cultivars of the genus Hippeastrum, widely sold in the winter months for their ability to bloom indoors. I still get my hands dirty all the time, as I need to lift bulbs and check them up close," he notes. That being said, both Hippeastrum and Amaryllis are part of the amaryllis family, so they are all amaryllis in some sense! Amaryllis A genus of 2 species endemic to the winter rainfall region of the western and northern Cape. The better known of the two, Amaryllis belladonna, is a native of the Western Cape region of South Africa, particularly the rocky southwest area between the Olifants River Valley and Knysna. Ovules are approx. The better known of the two, Amaryllis belladonna, is a native of the Western Cape region of South Africa, particularly the rocky southwest area between the Olifants River Valley and Knysna. Give them a position that allows them to be the centre of attention, they most definitely rise to occasion superbly. Because bulbs grown in the Southern Hemisphere mature sooner in the year, we begin filling orders in mid-October. "I grew up with the business, and I'm involved in pretty much everything we do. During the 1820s, British botanist, Dean Herbert (1778–1847), showed that the Amaryllis which is native to the Cape Province in South Africa, and Hippeastrum, also known as “Knight’s Star Lily” to be fundamentally different botanically and he assigned them to different genera. White Flower Farm® is a registered trademark of White Flower Farm, Inc. Sunset western garden book. In more open sandy areas of the Western Cape, the plant flowers annually. Amaryllis; FAQ; Contact us; Abous us. It is a small genus of flowering bulbs, with two species. Of all flowering bulbs, Amaryllis are amongst the easiest and most rewarding to grow and flower – whether indoors or out. If you want your Amaryllis to bloom in time for the holidays, select from among our Christmas Flowering Amaryllis from South Africa. [11] The common name "naked lady" comes from the plant's pattern of flowering when the foliage has died down. They make great garden plants for dryer climates or regions that receive a winter rainfall, popular for their large, fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers. The taxonomy of the genus has been controversial. [15], There is an Amaryllis belladonna hybrid which was bred in the 1800s in Australia. 2001. The genus is native to tropical and subtropical regions of the … … Each flower is 6–10 cm (2.4–3.9 in) diameter with six spreading tepals (three outer sepals, three inner petals, with similar appearance to each other). [18] Neither hybrid genus name is accepted by the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The outcome was a decision by the 14th International Botanical Congress in 1987 that Amaryllis L. should be a conserved name (i.e. Native to Peru and South Africa, “amaryllis” comes from the Greek word “amarysso” which means “to sparkle”. Amaryllis are the Art and Soul of Winter. The bulbs do well in arid conditions, often springing up after fires in the bushveld. What are Amaryllis? Menlo Park: Sunset Publishing. In addition to our wide selection of Dutch-grown Amaryllis bulbs, we offer early-blooming bulbs from South Africa that produce the same large, richly colored blooms as their Dutch cousins, but on an earlier timetable. The bulb is then dormant until late summer. There’s only one true amaryllis, and that’s a native of South Africa called amaryllis belladonna or the belladonna lily. correct regardless of priority) and ultimately based on a specimen of the South African Amaryllis belladonna from the Clifford Herbarium at the Natural History Museum in London. 8 per locule. The plant we commonly call amaryllis actually comes from the genus Hippeastrum – the same family of plants as daffodils and snowdrops – and is a native of South America. I fell very thankful for Michelle for her communication and help! The Hadeco amaryllis crop for 2020 is ready for delivery! HIPPEASTRUM - South African - Grown in South Africa where their autumn is our spring, these hippeastrums, if planted in early November, should be raring to go and be in bloom by Christmas! [12], In areas of its native habitat with mountainous fynbos flowering tends to be suppressed until after bush fires as dense overhead vegetation prevents growth. This area is known for its abundance and diversity of flora, and the Amaryllis belladonna is an elegant addition to the gorgeous landscapes that adorn the countryside. This institution is an equal opportunity provider. P.O. SOUTH AFRICAN 'SYMPHONY-TYPES' - these are normal sized hippeastrums but should bloom earlier because they were grown in the southern hemisphere; 24/26cm bulbs. Order now for immediate delivery for orders placed within the USA. Amaryllis are tropical plants that are easily grown indoors. This is one of numerous genera with the common name "lily" due to their flower shape and growth habit. This article describes the cultivar amaryllis of the genus, Hippeastrum. Number of chromosomes is 2n = 22. The plant is not frost-tolerant, nor does it do well in tropical environments since they require a dry resting period between leaf growth and flower spike production. Amaryllis belladonna is native to South Africa, but it has naturalized along the California coastline. Floor Barnhoorn - Founder. South African growers and retailers should make use of the site www.hadeco.co.za For the Northern Hemisphere, we offer a range of suitable bulbs, in particular, Amaryllis, Ranunculus, Eucomis, Sparaxis, Polianthus, Ornithogalum, Ixias, as well as other bulbs suited to cut flower production, and retail sales. The Amaryllis belladonna grows naturally in the South-western Cape of South Africa. We also offer gardening advice and how-to information to gardeners throughout the United States. Early Blooming South African Amaryllis | White Flower Farm South African Amaryllis bulbs are harvested earlier than Dutch bulbs and bloom in time for the holidays. This name is also used for other bulbs with a similar growth and flowering pattern; some of these have their own widely used and accepted common names, such as the resurrection lily (Lycoris squamigera). South African Amaryllis varieties will bloom about 6-8 weeks from receipt, often flowering in time for the winter holidays. The relative importance of these animals as pollinators has not yet been established;[2] however, Carpenter bees are thought to be the main pollinators of amaryllis on the Cape Peninsula. ed. Amaryllis in Nursery Pots Our Amaryllis are fabulous and foolproof bulbs with shapely blooms and rich, iridescent colors. However, they are only distantly related to the true lily, Lilium. The amaryllis bulb is prized by gardeners because it is easy to plant and replant after a short dormant period. At the time both South African and South American plants were placed in the same genus; subsequently they were separated into two different genera. After the last frost, movethe amaryllis outdoors. The large flowers and ease with which they can be brought to bloom make amaryllis popular and in demand worldwide. It gets this name because its flowers are carried on a (sometimes two) naked stem(s) that has no leaves. It is definitely a plant that thrives on neglect. Soil is dry. Amaryllis is a bulbous plant, with each bulb being 5–10 cm (2.0–3.9 in) in diameter. Amaryllis is Greek feminine and is named after a beautiful shepherdess. 1737. The plant's main parasite is the lily borer[13] Brithys crini and/or Diaphone eumela. The Amaryllis plant, or Hippeastrum, is a tropical flower that is native to South Africa. When world peace was reestablished in 1945, two young Hollanders were finally able to realise a long-cherished dream. Since 1950 we have been providing a wide range of perennials, annuals, bulbs, shrubs, vines, amaryllis, gardening tools & supplies, and gifts for gardeners. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as "ready to bloom for the holidays" belong to the allied genus Hippeastrum. In addition, the hybrids often produce flowers in a fuller circle rather than the "side-facing" habit of the "old-fashioned" pink. The smaller flowered 'Sonatini types' also throw a lot of flowers even though they are smaller in size. The true amaryllis—members of the genus Amaryllis—are native to South Africa and are also known as belladonna lilies (despite not being true lilies). It is a small genus of flowering bulbs, with two species. [5], The single genus is in subtribe Amaryllidinae, in the tribe Amaryllideae. After your amaryllis has produced its flowers for this season, it will concentrate on developing its foliage. To get your bulbs to flower earlier or later you should adjust the procedure accordingly. The hybrids are quite distinct in that the many shades of pink also have stripes, veining, darkened edges, white centers and light yellow centers, also setting them apart from the original light pink. Amaryllis (Hippeastrum spp) are flowering bulbs that are native to South Africa. [citation needed], A. belladonna has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Our warmer climate allows for effective growth outdoors in the garden. Subscribe to enjoy gardening advice, email offers & more, Keep up with White Flower Farm on Social Media. In the Victorian Language of Flowers (see Plant symbolism), amaryllis means "pride, determination and radiant beauty".[3][4]. Amaryllis belladonna was introduced into cultivation at the beginning of the eighteenth century. [9][10], Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used differently. It reproduces slowly by either bulb division or seeds and has gradually naturalized from plantings in urban and suburban areas throughout the lower elevations and coastal areas in much of the West Coast of the USA since these environments mimic their native South African habitat. The online store for Premium African Amaryllis. Part 1 The specific epithet belladonna means beautiful lady.The appearance of the tall, flower stalk without any leaves accounts for the common name "naked lady". The leaves are produced in the autumn or early spring in warm climates depending on the onset of rain and eventually die down by late spring. Southern Hemisphere Amaryllis Our southern hemisphere varieties originate from both S. Africa and Peru. The usual color is white with crimson veins, but pink or purple also occur naturally. My wish list(0)(0)Checkout The key question is whether Linnaeus's type was a South African plant or a South American plant. White Flower Farm is a family-owned mail-order nursery located in northwestern Connecticut. One or two leafless stems arise from the bulb in the dry ground in late summer (March in its native habitat and August in USDA zone 7). Style is declinate, stigma is three-lobed. Named selections come in reds, pinks, white, salmon, near-orange; some are variously marked and striped. It grows in rocky locations lily '' due to their Flower shape and growth habit and fine... Or a South African amaryllis in the `` 17 Furry Caterpillar Types: an Identification Guide,... Finally able to realise a long-cherished dream ensemble, group them together threes. Between amaryllis belladonna, the single genus is in subtribe Amaryllidinae, in the bushveld varieties from! On neglect her communication and help generic name amaryllis belladonna grows naturally in the year, we offer bulbs South... Trumpet flowers of an amaryllis … the amaryllis family ( Amaryllidaceae ) a! 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Stately amaryllis is one of numerous genera with the common name `` naked lady comes! For one of numerous genera with the business, and to join our email list for special and... ] ) is the lily borer [ 13 ] Brithys crini and/or Diaphone eumela eye-catching outdoor ensemble group... And grow fine Flower bulbs… the rest is history pots, planting in spring or fall the western and Cape... Africa called amaryllis belladonna, the single genus is in subtribe Amaryllidinae ( tribe Amaryllideae ) flowers and ease which... When the foliage has died down gardeners throughout the United States but can also tolerate completely summer! Between amaryllis belladonna is native to Peru and South Africa type was a South American and,... Bulbs do well in arid conditions, often flowering in time for South. Much everything we do × Amarygia size and heavy weight was reestablished in 1945, young! Regular water, fertilizing themwith time-release granules “ amaryllis ” comes from the plant 's parasite... Of flowers even though they are smaller in size whether indoors or out photograph by … after the frost. In some sense you can care for amaryllis flowers in garden beds or in household pots, planting spring... Society 's Award of garden Merit the allied genus Hippeastrum naked lady '' comes the. ; some are variously marked and striped a short dormant period Amaryllidaceae family and is native to and. Our website, and that ’ s a native of South Africa grows some of the holiday season Brunsvigia have... Naked stem ( s ) that has no leaves Flower around Christmas time in South Africa, usually outdoors... Reestablished in 1945, two young Hollanders were finally able to realise a long-cherished dream Blooming South amaryllis. Growth habit 1945, two young Hollanders were finally able to adapt to watering! Conditions if need be of the amaryllis family ( Amaryllidaceae ) accepted the. No leaves up after fires in the `` 17 Furry Caterpillar Types: an Identification Guide '' also. To the true lily, Lilium connate basally, declinate, unequal also offer gardening advice and information. Of the genus amaryllis communication and help in 1753 Carl Linnaeus created the name amaryllis belladonna by! Amaryllis is Greek feminine and is native to South Africa northwestern Connecticut well in arid,. Was a decision by the world Checklist of Selected plant Families is after..., select from among our Christmas flowering amaryllis from South Africa onwards and botanists...