* [1:2] Lovers: language of love was typically used to describe the relationship between treaty partners, thus here it connotes Judah’s allies (see v. 19). how is she become as a widow! And gone is from the daughter of Zion all her splendour; her princes are become like harts that find … 1 How deserted lies the city, May we be led to consider sin as the cause of all our calamities, and under trials exercise submission, repentance, faith, and prayer, with the hope of promised deliverance through God's mercy.The miserable state of Jerusalem, the just consequences of its sins. Not one of all her lovers remains to comfort her. Lamentations chapter 1 Jeremiah mourns a funeral dirge for the tragic fall of Jerusalem. 16 For these things I weep; mine eye, mine eye runneth down with water, because the comforter that should relieve my soul is far from me: my children are desolate, because the enemy prevailed. How like b a widow has she become, she who was great among the nations! Lamentations 1 How Lonely Sits the City. If we allow sin, our greatest adversary, to have dominion over us, justly will other enemies also be suffered to have dominion. she that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is … 1 How lonely sits the city That was full of people! 5 Her adversaries are the chief, her enemies prosper; for the LORD hath afflicted her for the multitude of her transgressions: her children are gone into captivity before the enemy. 2 All night long she is weeping, tears running down her cheeks. The same complaint made to their friends, and their compassionate consideration desired ( v. 12-17 ). She was destroyed for her own sins. Commentary on Lamentations 1:1-11. 17 Zion spreadeth forth her hands, and there is none to comfort her: the LORD hath commanded concerning Jacob, that his adversaries should be round about him: Jerusalem is as a menstruous woman among them. “Dirge poetry of the kind exemplified by Lamentations was by no means uncommon in Near Eastern antiquity. The chapter is all of a piece, and the several remonstrances are interwoven; but here is, I. 7 Jerusalem remembered in the days of her affliction and of her miseries all her pleasant things that she had in the days of old, when her people fell into the hand of the enemy, and none did help her: the adversaries saw her, and did mock at her sabbaths. But when her people fell into the hands of the foe. Lamentations Chapter 1: 1How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! (12-22)1-11 The prophet sometimes speaks in his own person; at other times Jerusalem, as a distressed female, is the speaker, or some of the Jews. They give their precious things for food. 2 and I will send to Babylon winnowers, and o they shall winnow her, and they shall empty her land, when they come against her from every side. Lam 1:2: She sobs through the night; tears stream down her cheeks. The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops’ (USCCB’s) mission is to encounter the mercy of Christ and to accompany His people with joy. * [1:1–22] In this poem the poet first takes on the persona of an observer describing Jerusalem’s abject state after the destruction wrought by the Babylonian army (vv. Unlike standard alphabetical order, in the middle chapters of Lamentations, the letter Pe (the 17th letter) comes before Ayin (the 16th). The first chapter uses standard alphabetical order. This is the only way to make ourselves easy under our burdens; for it is the just anger of the Lord for man's transgressions, that has filled the earth with sorrows, lamentations, sickness, and death.12-22 Jerusalem, sitting dejected on the ground, calls on those that passed by, to consider whether her example did not concern them. My eyes! "He [was] unto me [as] a bear lying in wait, [and as] a lion in secret places." she that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary! Her fall was astounding; there was … The fifth poem, corresponding to the fifth chapter, is not acrostic but still has 22 lines. 1 How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! Her adversaries are the chief, her enemies prosper; for the LORD hath afflicted her for the multitude … has become a slave. CHAPTER 1 The Desolation of Jerusalem * 1 How solitary sits the city, once filled with people. Lamentations 1 1 # This chapter is an acrostic poem, the verses of which begin with the successive letters of the Hebrew alphabet. Let all our sorrows lead us to the cross of Christ, lead us to mark his example, and cheerfully to follow him.Commentary by Matthew Henry, 1710. 9c, 11c–16, 18–22) to demand that God look squarely at her misery. 19 I called for my lovers, but they deceived me: my priests and mine elders gave up the ghost in the city, while they sought their meat to relieve their souls. 2 She c weeps bitterly in the d night, Her tears are on her cheeks; Among all her lovers She has none to comfort her. + How she who was a princess among the provinces * has been put to forced labor! Once the greatest of nations, she is now like a widow. Lamentations 1:1 This chapter is an acrostic poem, the verses of which begin with the successive letters of the Hebrew alphabet. Among all her lovers, there is no one left to comfort her. Lamentations 1:15 Or has set a time for me / when he will. 1 How deserted she sits, the city once thronged with people! Once the princess of states, she is now put to forced labour. Lamentations 1 [[[[[LAM 1:1 How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! which has been ruthlessly inflicted upon me. She who was a princess among the provinces has become a … She has no one to comfort her. The description shows the miseries of the Jewish nation. What has Jerusalem become like when the lamenter of Lamentations grieves over its destruction. Sorrow for sin must be great sorrow, and must affect the soul. The “widow” is resentful while she recalls happier days. (1-11) Jerusalem represented as a captive female, lamenting, and seeking the mercy of God. 12 Is it nothing to you, all ye that pass by? Cross references: Lamentations 1:1 : S Lev 26:43. Jerusalem became a captive and a slave, by reason of the greatness of her sins; and had no rest from suffering. II. from all her lovers; * Her friends have all betrayed her, + ב [ Beth ] 2 She weeps profusely during the night, + and her tears cover her cheeks. How like a widow has she become, she who was great among the nations! • In chapter 1, Jeremiah mourns for Jerusalem and Judea as it lays in ruin by the raid and destruction of Babylon, “How lonely sits the city that was full of people! Chapter 3 has 66 verses, so that each letter begins three lines. "In the day of his fierce anger" (Lamentations 1:12). He said that Jerusalem had been left like a poor, filthy, and detested woman whose children have neglected her and whose neighbors have ignored her. 8 Jerusalem hath grievously sinned; therefore she is removed: all that honoured her despise her, because they have seen her nakedness: yea, she sigheth, and turneth backward. 20 Behold, O LORD; for I am in distress: my bowels are troubled; mine heart is turned within me; for I have grievously rebelled: abroad the sword bereaveth, at home there is as death. 1 a How lonely sits the city that was full of people! King James Bible Lamentations Chapter: 1. 14 The yoke of my transgressions is bound by his hand: they are wreathed, and come up upon my neck: he hath made my strength to fall, the Lord hath delivered me into their hands, from whom I am not able to rise up. Lamentations 1:14 Most Hebrew manuscripts; many Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint He kept watch over my sins. For its prey, which seizes … – Mourning Over the Fallen City. The Book of Lamentations is the collection of five poems or songs mourning the conquest of Jerusalem and the Kingdom of Judah. 1–11a); but the detached tone gives way to a more impassioned appeal when the city itself—personified as the grieving widow and mother Zion—abruptly intrudes upon this description (vv. The chapter is all of a piece, and the several remonstrances are interwoven but here is, I. 3 Judah is gone into captivity because of affliction, and because of great servitude: she dwelleth among the heathen, she findeth no rest: all her persecutors overtook her between the straits. This day had already arrived for Jerusalem, but there is also a consciousness here of a similar day that shall arrive for the pagan nations that have humiliated Jerusalem; and the last half of the chapter will also emphasize that fact. how is she become as a widow! She finally pleads for mercy. It is evident that Jeremiah was the author of the Lamentations which bear his name. she that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary! A complaint made to God of their calamities, and his compassionate consideration desired, Lamentations 1:1-11. Copyright 2019-2020 USCCB, please review our Privacy Policy, On Fraternity and Social Friendship (Fratelli Tutti). All my enemies hear of my misery and rejoice. Once a princess among the provinces, now a toiling slave. that was full of people! is now like a widow. The same complaint made to their friends, and their compassionate consideration desired, Lamentations 1:12 … 18 The LORD is righteous; for I have rebelled against his commandment: hear, I pray you, all people, and behold my sorrow: my virgins and my young men are gone into captivity. The nations contiguous to me, Egypt and others that before pretended to be my friends and allies. 14The yoke of my rebellions is bound together. Her name (the Poet imagines her mainly as a woman) is Zion, but we modern folks would probably just call her Jerusalem. The Utter Destruction of Babylon. Her adversaries are the chief, her enemies prosper; for the LORD hath afflicted her for the multitude … She who was great among the nations has become a widow. 1 How lonely sits the city. Her outward sufferings were great, but her inward sufferings were harder to bear, through the sense of guilt. Mourning Over the Fallen City. 1:1: How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people!how is she become as a widow! Lamentations, chapter 1 of the King James Version of the Holy Bible - with audio narration O LORD, behold my affliction: for the enemy hath magnified himself. 4 The ways of Zion do mourn, because none come to the solemn feasts: all her gates are desolate: her priests sigh, her virgins are afflicted, and she is in bitterness. Whatever may be learned from the sufferings of Jerusalem, far more may be learned from the sufferings of Christ. + How she has become like a widow, she who was populous among the nations! ©2020 United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, Explore more inspirational selections here. Lamentations 1. Lamentations 1 1 How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! 15 The Lord hath trodden under foot all my mighty men in the midst of me: he hath called an assembly against me to crush my young men: the Lord hath trodden the virgin, the daughter of Judah, as in a winepress. how is she become as a widow! The people endured the extremities of famine and distress. The prophet sometimes speaks in his own person; at other times Jerusalem, as a distressed female, is the speaker, or some of the Jews. III. The princess of the provinces has become a … Her aduersaries are the chiefe, her enemies prosper: for the Lord hath afflicted her; for the multitude … In the original Hebrew, the verses are acrostic, each verse starting with a succeeding letter of the Hebrew alphabet. 16For these things I weep—My eyes! Lamentations 1:1-22 א [ Aleph ] * 1 How she now sits all alone, the city that was full of people! II. Why is she so distressed? Lamentations - Chapter 1 * Lam 1:1: Jerusalem, once so full of people, is now deserted. 2 She weeps bitterly in the night, with tears on her cheeks; among all her lovers. 11 All her people sigh, they seek bread; they have given their pleasant things for meat to relieve the soul: see, O LORD, and consider; for I am become vile. d. [1:8] Is 47:2–3; Jer 13:22, 26; Na 3:5. e. [1:10] Dt 23:3–6; Ps 74:4–8; Is 56:6; 66:20–21; Jer 51:51. g. [1:16] Ps 69:21; Eccl 4:1; Jer 13:17; 14:17; Na 3:7. 21 They have heard that I sigh: there is none to comfort me: all mine enemies have heard of my trouble; they are glad that thou hast done it: thou wilt bring the day that thou hast called, and they shall be like unto me. against Babylon, against the inhabitants of Leb-kamai, 1. In this sad condition Jerusalem acknowledged her sin, and entreated the Lord to look upon her case. 6 And from the daughter of Zion all her beauty is departed: her princes are become like harts that find no pasture, and they are gone without strength before the pursuer. 51 Thus says the L ord: “Behold, I will stir up n the spirit of a destroyer. behold, and see if there be any sorrow like unto my sorrow, which is done unto me, wherewith the LORD hath afflicted me in the day of his fierce anger. She has become like a widow who was once great among the nations! The b princess among the provinces Has become a 1 slave!. 10 The adversary hath spread out his hand upon all her pleasant things: for she hath seen that the heathen entered into her sanctuary, whom thou didst command that they should not enter into thy congregation. 9 Her filthiness is in her skirts; she remembereth not her last end; therefore she came down wonderfully: she had no comforter. 2 She weeps incessantly in the night, her cheeks damp with tears. Each chapter represents a separate poem. She who was a princess among the provinces. * [1:9] Zion breaks in on the poet’s description in v. 9c, albeit briefly, to demand that the Lord face squarely her misery. The Book of Lamentations is the collection of five poems or songs mourning the conquest of Jerusalem and the Kingdom of Judah. She who was great among the nations. The author of Lamentations stood therefore in a long and respectable literary tradition when he … a How like a widow is she, Who was great among the nations! Her filthiness clung to her skirts; she did not consider her future. Chapter 1 The book opens with the image of a lonely city. how is she become as a widow! Once the queen of all the earth, she is now a slave. David Guzik :: Study Guide for Lamentations 1 ← Back to David Guzik's Bio & Resources. In Lamentations Chapter 1, Jeremiah compared the city to a widow. Does he not say, Is it nothing to you, all ye that pass by? Chapter 1 The book opens with the image of a lonely city. 13 From above hath he sent fire into my bones, and it prevaileth against them: he hath spread a net for my feet, he hath turned me back: he hath made me desolate and faint all the day. Her name (the Poet imagines her mainly as a woman) is Zion, but we modern folks would probably just call her Jerusalem. she that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary! Lamentations 1 How Lonely Sits the City. Judah went into exile because of affliction and great servitude; she settled among the nations, [and] … The city, in essence, pleaded for God’s sympathy, kindness, and consideration. 22 Let all their wickedness come before thee; and do unto them, as thou hast done unto me for all my transgressions: for my sighs are many, and my heart is faint. She takes up the lament in a more sustained fashion in v. 11c. Lamentations 1. In the Book of Lamentations, the Prophet Jeremiah understands that the Babylonians were God’s tool for bringing judgment on Jerusalem (Lamentations 1:12-15; 2:1-8; 4:11). Here we see the evil of sin, and may take warning to flee from the wrath to come. She who was once great among the nations now sits alone like a widow. A complaint made to God of their calamities, and his compassionate consideration desired ( v. 1-11 ). Does he not from the cross speak to every one of us? The book was not written till after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans. 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